How to identify grapes by leaves and bunches - VinoApp Wine ClubVinoApp Wine Club

Check out our 3 Membership levels to receive a winebox each 90 days! Get Started

Written by
Pablo Ponce

Published
November 8, 2019

How to identify grapes by leaves and bunches

Torrontes Riojano Bunch

Torrontes Riojano Bunch

If you are a wine geek, or if you want to stand out during a vineyard visit, or if you are just curious to know the secret behind wine sommeliers’ grape identifying abilities, here you have a quick guide to identifying strains commonly found in Argentinian vineyards by its leaves and bunches.

White Varieties

Chardonnay

Bunch: small, they reach a mid to high compactness. Cone-shaped, typical of the variety.

Leaf: the adult is medium-sized, with a low density of filaments in and between the nerve endings. It is composed of five lobules that confer a pentagonal shape to the leaf.

Chardonnay Bunch and Leaf

Chardonnay Bunch and Leaf

Sauvignon Blanc

Bunch: Small size, very compact and uniform which causes deformation in the berries due to the pressure on them. The stalk is really short.

Leaf: Contorted, medium-sized, orbicular. Moderately trilobular or pentalobular, with convex leaf.

Sauvignon Blanc Bunch and Leaf

Sauvignon Blanc Bunch and Leaf

Sémillon

Bunch: medium-sized, cone-shaped with spheroidal and medium berry. It presents a golden yellow color.

Leaf: contorted and slightly pentalobular. Convex teeth and the sinus of the leafstalk is U-shaped.

Semillon Bunch and Leaf

Semillon Bunch and Leaf

Torrontes (Riojano)

Bunch: large, loose, cone-shaped, long. With golden, medium-sized and scented berries.

Leaf: the adult ones are folded and contorted. Medium to large size. Orbicular, pentalobular and the sinus of the leafstalk is V-shaped.

Torrontes Bunch

Torrontes Bunch

Viognier

Bunch: small, cylindrical and highly compacted. The berry is medium-sized, uniform, spherical and of thick skin. Yellowish-green color.

Leaf: The adult is small and pentagonal, with marked lateral sinuses. The color of the bundle is light green with a cotton-like underside.

Viognier Bunch

Viognier Bunch

Pedro Gimenez

Bunch: Medium to large size. Medium conical shape. Winged.

Leaf: the adult one is extended and a bit contorted. Medium-sized. Orbicular and shortly cuneiform. Slightly thick bubbling. Green. Opaque. Pentalobular, with lateral upper and lower sinuses.

Pedro Gimenez Bunch and Leaf

Pedro Gimenez Bunch and Leaf

Red Varieties

Malbec

Bunch: medium-sized, medium conicity, loose to full, medium berry, bluish-black of soft pulp.

Leaf: medium-sized, orbicular, cuneiform, integer and trilobular, of dark green color.

Malbec Bunch and Leaf

Malbec Bunch and Leaf

Cabernet Sauvignon

Bunch: small, compact and cone-shaped. With small and spherical berries, of bluish-black color.

Leaf: Medium-sized, composed by 3-5 lobules which are slightly exposed. The sinus of the leafstalk is U-shaped.

Cabernet Sauvignon Bunch and Leaf

Cabernet Sauvignon Bunch and Leaf

Tempranillo

Bunch: of large size, with marked shoulders, compact, of uniform size and color.

Leaf: the adult leaf has large-sized and is composed by 5-7 lobules which are slightly overlapped, forming a pentagon.

Tempranillo Bunch and Leaf

Tempranillo Bunch and Leaf

Merlot

Bunch: of medium to small size. Medium compactness marked shoulders and short cone shape.

Leaf: the adult leaf is large-sized. It is composed of 5 lobules well-differentiated and slightly overlapped. Pentagonal form.

Merlot Bunch and Leaf

Merlot Bunch and Leaf

Bonarda

Bunch: medium-sized. With a tendency to be cylindrical. Really full and compact. Bluish black berry, medium-sized. Spheroid. Soft pulp.

Leaf: the adult is fairly folded, extended, medium to small size. Orbicular with a slight tendency to a short cuneiform.

Bonarda Bunch and Leaf

Bonarda Bunch and Leaf

Syrah

Bunch: cone-shaped, long. With a tendency to cylindrical. Medium-sized, compact and really full.

Leaf: the adults have flat central lobules or asymmetrically folded with their lateral sides pointing up.

Syrah Bunch and Leaf

Syrah Bunch and Leaf

Pinot Noir

Bunch: Small-sized with a high degree of compactness. Medium to small-sized berries.

Leaf: the adult is medium-sized and of pentagonal shape. Composed by 3-5 lobules which are slightly overlapped.

Pinot Noir Bunch and Leaf

Pinot Noir Bunch and Leaf

Cabernet Franc

Bunch: compact and cone-shaped. Short and cylindrical with wings. The berries are small, spherical and bluish-black.

Leaf: pentalobular, slightly open and overlapped.

Cabernet Franc Bunch and Leaf

Cabernet Franc Bunch and Leaf

Tannat

Bunch: Medium to large-sized. Compact, cylindrical and winged. With long stalk.

Leaf: the adult leaves are dark green, large and of pentagonal shape. With three to five lobules, the central one is lengthened.

Tannat Bunch and Leaf

Tannat Bunch and Leaf


Pablo Ponce

@poncetivi

Winemaker graduated at Don Bosco school, wine communicator and editor of the blog www.thebigwinetheory.com

He used to work, from 2005 to 2013, in different wineries in Mendoza, participating in the technical area of elaboration, microbiology, fractionation and quality control. Some of them are La Rural, Familia Zuccardi, Escorihuela Gascón and Finca La Celia. In parallel, since 2010, he began his career as wine communicator. In 2012 he created his blog “The Big Wine Theory” and since then he has collaborated with several digital channels.
He currently works as Wine Communicator of Bodega Gimenez Riili and is responsible for the content management for social networks of Santa Julia Winery, Cassone Family Winery, Benegas Winery, Clos de Chacras Winery, Compuertas Negras Winery, Arpex Argentina and Wine Institute (where he also works as a teacher).

 

Cart Item Removed. Undo
  • No products in the cart.